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There are different industries and operations, for instance warehousing, agricultural and manufacturing which use powered industrial trucks together with forklift trucks or lift trucks on a regular basis within the place of work. Lift trucks are used in order to lower or raise stuff or transfer objects that are stored in containers or on pallets to different locations inside the workplace. These industrial equipment assist so as to improve productivity at the job location by reducing the need for excessive manual handling of things by staff. According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, there are around 20,000 severe injuries each and every year in the US and around a hundred fatalities because of the result of lift truck incidents.
There are various types of lift trucks which have several load capacities. These types differ for particular maximum weight and forward center of gravity where a load is concerned. Employee injuries frequently take place as a result from forklift overturn, crushing incidents, collision with pedestrians or falls from the forklift. Operator falls could occur as the worker descends or ascends into the driver cab or becomes ejected from the machine in the event of an incident or a collision. Lift trucks could overturn due to having an unequal center of gravity of the load, or from being over-loaded or traveling over an uneven surface which could cause the vehicle to topple over. It is essential for other co-workers to follow strict safety policies when working in close proximity with the lift truck. Without adequate preventive measures, pedestrian co-workers are at risk from accidents or collisions related with an unsafe cargo.
There are strict training and standards to be following in relation to forklift maintenance, operation and training. One instance, people in non-agricultural trades under the age of eighteen years are not allowed to operate a lift truck. It is necessary that all forklift operators should have undergone both theoretical and practical training prior to commencing forklift operation and they are also required to take refresher courses.
The standards that are defined in the "American National Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks, ANSI B56.1-1969 are what powered industrial trucks must follow. The particular OSHA standards which employees and employers need to follow as stated in the General Industry Standards consist of 1910.178 "Powered industrial trucks", and standards for Marine Terminals 29 CFR 1917 Subpart C, "Cargo handling gear and equipment" and Long shoring 29 CFR 1918 Subpart G, "Cargo handling gear and equipment other than ship's gear.
There are various other directives and regulations that are vital for employers to be aware of. The NIOSH and OSHA both comprehensively outline regulations or signpost employees and employers to all regulations that apply.