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The counterbalance forklift is able to balance its cargo thanks to a counterbalance built into the truck. Forks can move up and down parallel to the truck's body. The forks do not rotate. Operators who drive counterbalanced forklifts must have training on the specific trucks they would be utilizing and in a similar workplace surroundings.
In classroom training, the lift truck driver will be taught about the model she or he would be operating. Information consists of specifications like height, weight and load capacity. The driver will be taught the basics of fueling or charging the forklift, depending on whether the engine is gas-powered or battery-powered. Safety information pertaining to the specific truck, such as how to walk safely around the forklift, will be covered.
Driver training will be supervised to ensure that the driver will know how to correctly operate the counterbalance lift. This practical training program will occur in the same type of setting wherein the operator would be working. The operator would train with the same sorts of surrounding buildings and other structures on the same kind of terrain, as well as the same pedestrian and vehicular traffic.
Counterbalance forklift operators are required by OSHA to take a regular refresher training course. However, there are no specifications as to the frequency at which an operator requires this training. However, for regular drivers, refresher training has to include classroom-style training.
For the most part, propane powered machinery is trusted to be safe. Propane has the reputation for being a clean burning fuel source. If the engine or machine is not properly maintained or tuned, then the propane powered engine can emit CO or carbon monoxide, along with other corrosive oxides of nitrogen. Any internal engine which is not in optional working form can result in a similar situation. These emitted gases can be really noxious within improperly ventilated or confined spaces.
Compared to gasoline and diesel powered lift trucks, propane units emit less harmful gases. Propane has a simple chemical structure. Since it is a gas, propane mixes really well with air, compared to diesel or gasoline and burns at a low temperature. Caustic oxides of nitrogen created during propane combustion in the engine are a lot less than those produced by a diesel or gas engine. Hence, a propane lift truck's engine usually lasts a lot longer than a diesel or gasoline powered lift truck unit.
With an internal combustion engine, air is sucked into it from the surrounding area. This air is what causes the fuel to burn. A sixty horse-power lift truck should breath in five thousand cubic feet of air per minute in order to work. Before operation, it is recommended to switch on a propane forklift outside and allow it warm up for a bit. This is due to the carbon monoxide emissions as they read higher from a cold propane-powered engine or machine and become less potent when the equipment has had a chance to warm up.
Electric lift trucks do not get used outside in the rain since it is feared the rain can damage the battery. A hazardous situation can happen as an electric forklift can short out because of rainwater getting in.